This book is a How To guide for modeling population dynamics using Integral Projection Models (IPM) starting from observational data. It is written by a leading research team in this area and includes code in the R language (in the text and online) to carry out all computations. The intended audience are ecologists, evolutionary biologists, and mathematical biologists interested in developing data-driven models for animal and plant populations. IPMs may seem hard as they involve integrals. The aim of this book is to demystify IPMs, so they become the model of choice for populations structured by size or other continuously varying traits. The book uses real examples of increasing complexity to show how the life-cycle of the study organism naturally leads to the appropriate statistical analysis, which leads directly to the IPM itself. A wide range of model types and analyses are presented, including model construction, computational methods, and the underlying theory, with the more technical material in Boxes and Appendices. Self-contained R code which replicates all of the figures and calculations within the text is available to readers on GitHub.
Stephen P. Ellner is Horace White Professor of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology at Cornell University, USA; Dylan Z. Childs is Lecturer and NERC Postdoctoral Fellow in the Department of Animal and Plant Sciences at The University of Sheffield, UK; Mark Rees is Professor in the Department of Animal and Plant Sciences at The University of Sheffield, UK.
Whilst recovering from a canoeing accident in the South of France, and with a promising professional swimming career in tatters, 16 year-old Marion sees an advert that will change her life: Icon models are holding a contest. She enters, gets whipped into shape by militant stylists, cross-dressing walking experts and chain-smoking make-up artists and manages to win a modelling contract. But when she arrives in Paris to begin modelling, her glamorous ideas are quickly dispelled. She becomes indebted to the agency and struggles to get her first break. Based on true events, A Model Life follows Marion's career as she climbs up the modelling food-chain, from dealing with pervy photographers in Paris to trudging through snow to castings in New York, from Armani to Playboy Marion has seen it all. This book is a must for anyone who wants to know what modelling is really like... The real Marion has enjoyed an international modelling career for over 15 years, including haute couture shows, designer campaigns and TV commercial work.
Conceptual modeling represents a recent approach to creating knowledge. It has emerged in response to the computer revolution, which started in the middle of the 20th century.
Computers, in the meantime, have become a major knowledge media. Conceptual modeling provides an answer to the difficulties experienced throughout the development of computer applications and aims at creating effective, reasonably priced, and sharable knowledge about using computers in business. Moreover, it has become evident that conceptual modeling has the potential to exceed the boundaries of business and computer usage.
This state-of-the-art survey originates from the International Seminar on the Evolution of Conceptual Modeling, held in Dagstuhl Castle, Germany, in April 2008. The major objective of this seminar was to look into conceptual modeling from a historical perspective with a view towards the future of conceptual modeling and to achieve a better understanding of conceptual modeling issues in several different domains of discourse, going beyond individual (modeling) projects.
The book contains 14 chapters. These were carefully selected during two rounds of reviewing and improvement from 26 presentations at the seminar and are preceded by a detailed preface providing general insights into the field of conceptual modeling that are not necessarily discussed in any of the chapters but nevertheless aid in conceptualizing the inner structure and coherence of the field. The chapters are grouped into the following three thematic sections: the evolution of conceptual modeling techniques; the extension of conceptual modeling to a service-oriented, peer-to-peer, or Web context; and new directions for conceptual modeling.
This book is a complete guide to becoming a firefighter. The author put everything he knows into simple, easy-to-understand language so that you can easily learn all there is to know about becoming a firefighter - things like:
[ First Steps to Getting Hired: Important tips to help you start saving lives quickly and easily.
[ The Detailed Application Process: Catch the eye of your recruiter with these useful tips.
[ Requirements Preparation: Know what you're doing way before you go for your interview.
[ Exam Preparation: How to simplify the exam process and blow the test out of the water.
[ Knowing Your Tests: A simple but useful guide to the most common tests so you're not caught off-guard on test day.
[ What Does It All Mean?: An outline of all those test scores so you can see where you excel and where you need to do more.
[ The Interview: Great tips on leaving a powerful impression and getting that call back.
[ Physical Test: How to get in shape so that you knock your physical test out of the park.
[ Necessary Equipment: A guide to your life-saving equipment so that you know what will be in your tool belt.
[ How to Choose, the Firefighter-to-be: Here is how to become the firefighter you've always dreamed of; be in the city, in the army or the wilderness. This guide will help you find out where you want to serve.
[ Firefighting Lingo: Helpful glossary that will teach you all there is to know about firefighting vocabulary.
If you ever wanted to be a firefighter, but didn't know where to start, then I encourage you to learn from the author's experience and get started on the right footing. This book contains everything you need to know to help you become a firefighter.
Enhances the use of enterprise models as an effective communication medium between business and technical personnel. Details the blue-print of the to-be developed business system.
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